Synthroid

Synthroid (generic name levothyroxine sodium ) is a medication prescribed to patients as treatment for thyroid hormone imbalance such as hypothyroidism. Synthroid is also used as treatment for goiters, thyroid cancer, and infertility caused by hyperthyroidism. Some of the brand names for Synthroid are Levothroid, Unithroid and Levoxyl.

Synthroid or Levothyroxine is commonly prescribed to people who have hormonal imbalance caused by a non-productive thyroid or hypothyroidism, due to gland injury, medical conditions or thyroid removal. The common symptoms of hypothyroidism are excessive or uncontrollable weight gain, lack of energy, sensitivity to cold and dry skin. Levothyroxine works by replacing the thyroid hormones that are missing or resisted by the body.

Synthroid is prescribed in tablet form, ranging from 25 to 300 micrograms in strength. It is taken once a day with 8 ounces of water half an hour to an hour before breakfast. For children, the tablet should be crushed and dissolved into a small amount of water. Patients are advised NOT to increase their medications by themselves and should ask their doctors regarding dosage.

How to Use Synthoid
Levothyroxine dosage depends on the amount of thyroid hormone needed to regulate its levels in the blood back to normal range. The only way that this can be determined is by a series of laboratory blood tests. The initial dose will depend on an individual’s overall physical condition and the severity and duration of the hypothyroidism symptoms.

The medication is recommended to be taken at the same time daily on an empty stomach, preferably before breakfast. If you are taking other medications, it is best to have a 4-hour interval between taking Levothyroxine and other prescription medicines that may interfere with its proper absorption.

It is important to take stock of your physical condition while taking Synthroid. If your thyroid hormone levels are way too high, you may feel symptoms such as increased heart rate, chest pain, palpitations, heat intolerance, excessive sweating and nervousness. If you feel these symptoms while taking Levothyroxine, you should immediately consult your doctor.

Synthroid should be taken exactly as the doctor prescribed. If a dose is missed, take one immediately and continue the regular dosing schedule. DO NOT double dose to compensate for the missed dose. Talk to your physician or pharmacist if you are unsure about your next dose after missing one.

Who cannot take Synthroid?
Synthroid or Levothyroxine cannot be taken by an individual who is:

  • Recovering from a recent heart attack
  • Allergic to any ingredients of levothyroxine
  • Has thyrotoxicosis (acute or untreated)
  • Has adrenal insufficiencies

You should check with your doctor if you can take Synthroid if you have any of the following conditions:

  • Decreased bone density
  • Osteoporosis
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Diabetes
  • Addison’s disease
  • Pituitary hormone deficiency

Pregnant and lactating women, as well as those who are planning to get pregnant, should inform their OB/GYN and doctor before taking Synthroid.

Common Synthroid Side Effects
As with any medication, some side effects may be experienced when taking Synthroid. There are people who do not experience any side effects at all, and those who do, experience several effects in varying degrees.

  • Hair Loss—while your body adjusts to the medicine, you may observe hair loss in the first couple of months of your treatment. If the effect worsens or persists, you should immediately inform your doctor.
  • Increased sweating—you might experience heat sensitivity that may lead to profuse sweating.
  • Mood changes—some people reported mood swings while on Synthroid treatment. Some of the effects include nervousness, anxiety, unexplained sadness and happiness.
  • Fatigue—you may feel tired and short of breath when taking Levothyroxine.
  • Diarrhea and upset stomach—at the onset of Synthroid treatment, your stomach may go through some adjustments so expect to have loose bowel movement.

Serious Synthroid Side Effects
There are rare but serious side effects that may be experienced when your thyroid hormone levels are elevated. When you feel any of the following symptoms, you should get medical help immediately:

  • Chest pain
  • Palpitations
  • Edema in the hands, feet or ankles
  • Seizures

There are other possible side effects to Synthroid that may be experienced, but these are rare cases, such as the following:

  • Increased appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Fever
  • Anxiety
  • Hot flashes
  • Hyperactivity
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Menstrual problems
  • Weakening of the bone structure
  • Hypertension
  • Muscle weakness
  • Irritability
  • Dyspnea
  • Tachycardia
  • Impaired fertility

Allergic reaction to Synthroid is rare, however, the following may occur in the tongue, face or throat:

  • Rash
  • Swelling
  • Itching

When you feel dizzy and have difficulty breathing after taking Synthroid, seek immediate medical assistance.

Drug and Food Interactions
The known drug interactions with Synthroid include medications for seizure, calcium, antacids, anti-depressants, iron, diabetes medicines, and gas relievers. There may be serious interactions when Synthroid is taken with herbal products, so it is always best to consult your pharmacist or doctor so that interactions can be prevented or managed.

To give your doctor or pharmacist a clear view of your current condition, be sure to indicate all the medicines and products you are using, including non-prescription drugs, herbal products and prescription drugs. While using Synthoid, do not change, start or stop the dosage of the medicines you are currently using without your physician’s knowledge and approval.

Some of the medicines that can interact with Levothyroxine are blood thinners, theophyline and digoxin. If taken with Iron supplements, Synthroid absorption may be greatly reduced. It is highly recommended that Synthroid be taken four (4) hours apart from other medications such as antacids, calcium, sucralfate, raloxifene, cholestyramine and orlistat.

Some foods can also interact with Synthroid and interfere with its optimum absorption, so it is also recommended to avoid the following foods while taking this medicine:

  • Soybean flour
  • Fibre
  • Cottonseed meal
  • Walnuts

Lifetime Treatment
Synthroid is a hypothyroidism prescription treatment that entails lifetime medication and monitoring. The dosage may change over time, so the patient has to regularly undergo blood testing to check his thyroid stimulating hormone or TSH levels. It is not recommended that the patient stops taking the medication even when he feels he does not need it anymore. He should always check with a doctor for dosage changes and other recommendations.

Flu Shot

According to the Centers for Disease Control, millions of people each year will contract some form of the influenza virus. Only a small portion of the millions of cases per year will result in death. Most of the deaths occur within the 65 and over population, and that is why the CDC recommends that everyone over 65 years old be vaccinated every year. Many other populations are at risk as well, such as those with chronic lung disease and small children. The flu shot vaccine has been shown to help prevent the contraction of influenza if administered properly. Although the flu shot can prevent influenza, it can also cause some unwanted side effects in certain people, but in order to understand the side effects of the flu shot vaccination one must first understand what the flu shot does to the human body.

How does the flu shot actually work?

The flu shot vaccination is similar to other vaccinations in that a small sample of the actual virus is injected into your body. The injection of a sampler of the flu virus elicits a response from your immune system, and by eliciting a response from your immune system you are preparing your body for the actual fight that it will face when influenza attacks. Think of vaccination as a practice round prior to facing the main event. By preparing your immune system with a little sample of the virus your immune system will know how to react next time it faces the same type of viral threat, and your body will deal with it swiftly and appropriately. Most of the time vaccinations work perfectly and the patient does not experience any side effects, but for some patients the flu shot can actually be very harmful if they have an allergy to it that they might not know about.

What are the some of the more common side effects that occur with a flu shot vaccination?

The most common side effects experienced with the flu shot usually occur within the first half-hour. These side effects include redness at the point of injection, itchiness at the point of injection, and pain in the general area where the shot was administered. These side effects usually occur within the first half hour, but they can persist for some time after the flu shot is administered. If these mild side effects begin to become worse over time, or they just don’t seem to be going away, then you should contact your doctor immediately just in case the side effects become more severe. Redness and soreness at the site of the injection is by far the most common side effect reported by patients that recently received a flu shot vaccination. The redness and soreness should subside within forty eight hours. If the problem persists past that point then you should consider contacting your doctor or the medical facility that administered the vaccine.

What are some of the more serious, but less common side effects that could occur?

The flu shot has both mild and severe side effects that can propagate after the initial injection. The more serious side effects are generally due to an allergy to the flu shot vaccine. Some people are actually predisposed to more severe side effects because their body is actually allergic. When someone who is allergic to the flu shot is administered one the impending allergic reaction is not local, but systemic. The allergen, or the flu shot itself, is injected into the blood stream so the whole body tends to react. This can become a life threatening emergency if not dealt with swiftly and efficiently. If you feel that you may be experiencing an allergic reaction to the flu shot then you should contact your doctor immediately.

Is the flu shot right for me?

That is something that you have to decide with your doctor. If you are over the age of 65 or have had previous lung infections or pneumonia then the CDC recommends that you do get a flu shot. There are also other high-risk populations that should be vaccinated on a yearly basis to fight against influenza and the complications that come with it. Even if you are not in the high-risk population you may want to still talk to your doctor about getting vaccinated against the flu. If you are afraid of needles, and refuse to go through with a traditional flu shot, there is no need to worry. There are many alternatives to the traditional “shot in the arm.”

What are the alternatives to the traditional flu shot?

There are some alternatives that have recently hit the pharmaceutical market. The most popular alternative is the nasal mist vaccination. It works much like a traditional needle borne vaccination, but it is administered through a nasal mister. The vaccination via nasal mist is much like using an over the counter nasal spray. The nasal mist vaccination has been shown to be just as effective as the traditional needle vaccination that most patients are used to. Other than the nasal mist vaccination there really is no viable alternative to the traditional shot. Most people don’t mind the shot in the arm, but if you are weary of needles then you may want to speak to your doctor about the nasal mist vaccination. Whether you choose to go with the traditional flu shot or the nasal mist vaccination will be adequately protected against the influenza virus.

Get vaccinated on a yearly basis

Remember that you must be vaccinated on a yearly basis in order to stay protected against the many forms of the influenza virus. The virus morphs from year to year so being vaccinated against that particular year’s strain of influenza is the key to not falling prey to the flu. Some strains of the influenza virus can be particularly vicious so make sure you beat the flu by getting vaccinated today. This is especially true for the high risk populations outlined earlier in this article. Don’t risk getting the flu this season; get vaccinated.

Garcinia Cambogia

Garcinia Cambogia is a weight loss supplement that just recently came on the market. It is has been touted as one of the best and most effective supplements available on the market today. It has been praised for its fat burning capabilities, but are there any side effects that the consumer should be aware of?

To date, there have been no noticeable Garcinia Cambogia Side effects when used in the recommended dosage. You can rest assured if you use this product appropriately, there shouldn’t be any problems. With that said, you should always consult your doctor before taking any type of supplement.

Where does Garcinia Cambogia come from?

Garcinia Cambogia is an evergreen plant native to West and Central Africa, South East Asia and India (coastal Karnataka and Kerala). The regional names are Gambooge and Garcinia Gummi Gutta. The tree bears small, pumpkin shaped fruits. The fruits may be yellow or greenish in colors.

Garcinia Cambogia supplements are made from the extract of the fruit. The extract is obtained from the rind of the fruit. The rind is rich in Hydroxycitric Acid or HCA, and this is the miracle working compound in Garcinia Cambogia. According to numerous studies, intake of HCA brings about significant weight loss and also helps maintain general health.

Benefits of Garcinia Cambogia Supplements

  • Prevents the formation of new fat cells – The excess calories consumed are converted into fatty deposits and stored in the body. The HCA present in Garcinia Cambogia inhibits the enzymes responsible for converting excess energy into fatty deposits. Thus, it prevents weight gain.
  • Fat burning – Garcinia Cambogia promotes fat burning in the body. By preventing the formation of fatty deposits in the body, it prompts the body to use the stored fats to provide energy for daily activities. Thus, it helps initiate weight loss.
  • Appetite Suppressant – Garcinia Cambogia cuts back on calorie intake by controlling your appetite. The reduced calorie intake indirectly forces your body to burn the fat deposits. It discourages cravings for fatty and sugary foods.
  • Balances serotonin levels in the body – Garcinia Cambogia also tackles weight gain by boosting the levels of serotonin. Serotonin is the chemical constituent in the brain that alleviates stress and depression. Many people “stress eat” that is they eat more when they are stressed or anxious as it offers them solace. This causes weight gain and overeating. By increasing the amount of serotonin, the brain discourages overeating and controls weight gain. It also improves mood.
  • The GC has a positive impact on cholesterol.
  • It also regulates the levels of Cortisol in the body. This is another hormone in the body related to stress and depression.
  • Garcinia Cambogia also provides calcium though not a very rich source.

Garcinia Cambogia Side Effects

The following side effects were mainly observed in person who consumed more than the daily recommended dose of Garcinia Cambogia.

  • A common side effect of an overdose of Garcinia Cambogia is mild headaches.
  • Garcinia Cambogia taken in large quantities produces undesirable gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea and vomiting. The nauseous feeling is mild. There may also be digestive tract discomfort in addition to increased bowel movements.
  • You may experience slight dizziness.

Garcinia Cambogia Dosage Instructions

Garcinia Cambogia is a natural supplement. However, this does not mean that you take as much as you want or whenever you want. You should take the supplement in the recommended dosage. Follow the instructions given on the package label. The dosage ranges between 500 – 1500mg.

Garcinia Cambogia dosing is subject to the following factors – age, health and body weight. If you are obese, you may require a higher dose of the supplement than one who wants to shed only a few pounds.

Whatever the prescribed dosage, the tablets should be taken before meals. Garcinia Cambogia is a water soluble vitamin. It dissolves faster in water. Take the pills approximately half an hour or an hour before you have your meals.

Warnings about the Use of Garcinia Cambogia

There are certain precautionary measures you should keep in mind to avoid the Garcinia Cambogia side effects. The precautionary measures will also help you raise the efficiency of the supplement.

  • As a general precaution, consult your doctor before you start using the product.
  • If you suffer a chronic medical condition, you should take the supplement only after consulting a health care professional.
  • Do not take the weight loss supplement Garcinia Cambogia if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. The safety of this supplement on the fetus or the newborn baby has still not been established.
  • Ordering the product from unreliable sources increases the risk of Garcinia Cambogia side effects. You should buy the product from the official website. Different manufacturers make the product with different ingredients. In addition to the ingredients, you also need to check the percent of HCA used in the product. The most effective supplement is one which contains 50% HCA. Also ensure that the Garcinia Cambogia products do not contain fillers, binders or chemical constituents.
  • Garcinia Cambogia is a natural supplement and is safe. However, the safety of long term use is still unknown. Avoid using Garcinia Cambogia for more than 12 weeks at a stretch. You can take a break for a week or two and then restart using the product.
  • The makers of Garcinia Cambogia claim that you do not need to exercise or follow a strict diet when using the supplement. However, if you want to shed the weight fast and easy, we would suggest that you eat healthy (not diet or starve) and exercise regularly.
  • The Garcinia Cambogia supplement should not be taken by persons who suffer from Alzheimer’s diseases or dementia.
  • Persons suffering from diabetes or using diabetes medication should also not use the supplement. It may reduce the blood sugar levels drastically.
  • You should also not take the supplement if you are on Statin medications (cholesterol lowering drugs). Doing so may result in muscle degeneration and rhabdomyolysis (destruction of skeletal muscle tissue).

Adhere to the recommended dosage

Do not exceed the daily recommended allowance in hopes of achieving faster results. As is the case with any supplement, it will take a few weeks before the supplement produces any (if at all) results.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D also known as the “Sunshine vitamin” is very essential to the body. The body actually produces it in the presence of sunlight. It can also be obtained through our diet. Considering the importance of Vitamin D, many individuals use supplements to make up for a deficiency of the vitamin. Taking vitamin D supplements is safe as long as one does not exceed the recommended dosage. It is an overdose or toxicity of the vitamin that causes Vitamin D side effects.

The Benefits of Vitamin D

Vitamin D offers varied benefits to the body. The primary function of this vitamin is bone development. It balances the proportions of phosphorus and calcium in the blood. Inadequate amounts of vitamin D causes rickets in children and Osteoporosis and Osteomalacia in adults. The bones are deformed and weak in these conditions. The other symptoms of these disorders are bone and joint pain. Vitamin D also lowers the risk of different types of cancer – breast and ovarian cancer in women and prostrate cancer in men. Besides, this it may help for certain autoimmune diseases.

Natural Sources of Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin. Vitamin D is of two main types – Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol) and Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol). Almost 80% of Vitamin D the body gets is from sunlight. This is the only vitamin that can be produced by the skin. The skin synthesizes Vitamin D, mostly vitamin D3, by the breakdown of cholesterol when the skin is exposed to the UVB rays of the sun. Dietary sources of this sunshine vitamin are sea food, cheese, eggs, legumes, soy products and cod liver oil. Varieties of fish that are rich sources of vitamin D include sardines, salmon, herring, mackerel and tuna. In addition to this there are foods fortified with vitamin D. Foods fortified with Vitamin D are juices, milk and dairy products and breakfast cereal.

Vitamin D Supplements

Vitamin D is also made in the laboratory. These are known as the supplements. Vitamin D supplements are available in different forms – pills and liquids. Vitamin D supplements are generally prescribed for those people who live in colder climates where the exposure to sunlight is minimum. Also those who use sunscreen most of the time or spend majority of their time indoors may be required to take Vitamin D to make up for the deficiency.

Vitamin D Side Effects

Vitamin D toxicity arises when one takes more than the recommended amounts. It could be a single overdose or the accumulation of Vitamin D in the body due to prolonged use. It is not caused due to prolonged exposure to the sun, but mainly because of the use of supplements. Vitamin D toxicity has serious consequences. Some of them have been mentioned below.

  • Excess of Vitamin D in the body automatically raises the levels of calcium in the blood beyond the normal levels. This condition is termed hypercalcemia and is not desirebale. Hypercalcemia is the cause of other serious health conditions. When hypercalcemia goes untreated, the body starts depositing calcium in the organs such as the heart, kidneys and liver. This causes severe organ damage.
  • Overdose of Vitamin D has most damaging impacts on the renal system. Functioning of the kidneys suffer due to metastatic calcification. Calcification of the soft tissues in the kidney could result in stones and urinary casts. It could also result in Polyuria (excessive urination), Polydipsia (excess thirst) and nocturia (increased urge to urinate during the night). Severe overdose of Vitamin D culminates in renal failure.
  • Vitamin D is needed to support bone development. However, an excess of vitamin D could result in deformed bones.
  • Another of the serious Vitamin D side effects is the increased risk of ischemic heart disease. Vitamin D overdose worsens the problems of atherosclerosis. The arteries harden reducing the blood supply to the heart. This often proves to be a fatal condition for many.
  • Other Vitamin D side effects vomiting, nausea, weakness, fatigue, irritability, anorexia, insomnia, nervousness, loss of appetite, dry mouth, metallic taste, diarrhea, constipation and pain in the muscle and joints. These symptoms of a Vitamin D overdose are same as those of hypercalcemia.
  • Vitamin D side effects in children include diarrhea, weight loss, mental retardation and poor bone development.

If you suffer any of the side effects you should speak to your doctor. He may reduce the dosage or ask you to stop taking the supplements.

Vitamin D Dosing

Vitamin D should be taken in the prescribed dosage to avoid toxicity. Dosages vary according to the age.

The recommended daily allowance is as follows:

  • Infants of 0- 1 year – 400 IU (Internal Units)
  • Individuals 1- 7 years – 600 IU
  • Pregnant and lactating women – 600 IU
  • Adults above 70 years – 800 IU

You also need to know the Tolerable Upper Intake (UI). The intake of Vitamin D should not exceed this limit. If it does it can have dangerous consequences.

The Tolerable Upper Intake is as follows:

  • Infants 0-6 months – 1000 IU (Internal Units)
  • Infants 6 months to 1 year – 1500 IU
  • Children between 1 and 3 years – 2500 IU
  • Children between 3 and 9 years – 3000 UI
  • Individuals 9 years and above – 4000UI

To make up for the initial vitamin D deficiency, the doctor may prescribe a high dose. Thereafter, the dose should be reduced gradually. Taking vitamin D in the same proportion for prolonged periods results in an overdose.

Special Precautions:

  • Pregnant and nursing women can take Vitamin D. But, the daily dosage should be decided in consultation with a health care provider. Vitamin D over and above the normal limits will have damaging impacts on the infant. Pregnant women should avoid Vitamin D supplements that also contain Vitamin A.
  • Vitamin D supplements are not generally recommended for people suffering kidney problems. Increased deposits of calcium due to poor absorption might increase the severity of the problem.
  • If you use drugs to enhance calcium absorption in the body, you should avoid taking Vitamin D supplements. It will elevate the levels of calcium in the blood.
  • When taking liquid supplementation of Vitamin D make use of an accurately marked dropper to reduce chances of an overdose.

Sensa

Sensa is a popular weight loss supplement that just recently hit the market. The product was created by Dr. Alan Hirsch, an award-winning neurologist who has conducted thorough research on the science of smell and taste. Sensa claims to work with your senses of smell and taste to help you lose weight, hence the name, Sensa. It has received rave reviews not only for its effects but also for its ease of use. However, there’s one question that worries all of us – Is Sensa Safe?

What is Sensa®?

Like already mentioned above, Sensa® is a weight loss supplement, but it is not a pill. It is has been nicknamed the “Sprinkle Diet.” Sensa contains small powder-like flavored and scented crystals meant to be sprinkled on the food. They are called tastants. Some tastants have a sweet taste while some a salty flavor. They interfere with the sense of smell and taste to keep a tab on your daily calorie consumption. In this manner, they help you lose weight. Sensa is made up of corn-derived maltodextrin, tricalcium phosphate, plus silica, artificial flavoring, soy, milk, yellow coloring, and carmine.

This weight loss program spans a total of six months. The total period of six months is broken up into a monthly weight loss program. There is a separate container for each month and is indicated by a number. Each monthly container contains a different blend of “tastants.” They are all designed to help you lose weight.

How does Sensa® work?

Sensa is based on the principle of Sensory- Specific- Satiety.” Not many of us are aware of how our brain actually works. The smell and taste receptors play a major role in telling your body and your brain when it should stop eating. The crystals sprinkled on the food are absorbed through the roof of the mouth and the tongue. The tastants sprinkled on the food enhance its taste and smell. Thus, they trick your body into believing it is full and prompts it to stop eating. It shortens the time taken for your body to feel full. Thus, it reduces hunger cravings. It helps you reduce you calorie intake while still feeling satisfied.

How to use Sensa®?

The containers for each month come with two shakers. One shaker to be used at home and one shaker that can be carried around for all those times you dine out. You should sprinkle the tastants on the food just before you eat. Do not add the crystals to your food before or while cooking. For the best results, Sensa should be sprinkled on all your meals. Sprinkle the tastants on your food and not the tongue.

The shakers contain enough tastants to last you a month. At the end of 30 days, switch to the tastants prescribed for the next month. Depending on your meal and the amount of tastants you sprinkle on your meals, you may have some leftover crystals at the end of the month. Never mind. Leave them and move on to the next month. Breaking the dosage cycle will reduce the effectiveness of the product. The body gets resistant to the previous blend and hence the switch becomes necessary.

Sensa Side Effects

The ingredients used in Sensa are clinically proven and have been approved by the FDA. However, this does not negate the possibility of side effects. Users have reported the following side effects after use of Sensa tastants.

  • Negative impacts on the gastrointestinal tract include stomach pain and vomiting. Loose bowel movements are another of the Sensa Side effects. On the contrary many suffer constipation. There have been complaints of bloating and gas too.
  • Each person reacts differently to Sensa. Some people overeat resulting in stomach upset and heartburns.
  • Hives are common side effect. Experts state that the food coloring agent carmine is responsible for this symptom.
  • Some users experience severe headaches and migraines.
  • Prolonged use of the Sensa monthly weight loss program can also cause painful feet and leg cramps. Selected users have also reported spasms in the back.
  • Another negative impact is the tingling sensation on the tongue.
  • One may also experience a tight felling in the chest and have difficulty breathing.
  • Swelling on different parts of the body is a serious Sensa side effect and needs to be paid attention to.

To find out whether Sensa is the culprit of the unwanted symptoms you are experiencing, discontinue the use of the product for a while. If the symptoms subside, it means that Sensa does not agree with your system. You may then want to speak to your health care professional regarding the use of Sensa. If the side effects get severe, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Cautions:

  • You should consult your physician before you start with this weight loss program if you have any medical concerns or if you are currently using certain medications.
  • The ingredients used in Sensa are tested and safe. However, the same cannot be said for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Hence, they are better avoided.
  • The monthly blends of Sensa contain soy-derived and milk-derived ingredients. You will not be able to use the program if you are allergic to soy or lactose. Doing so will result in Sensa side effects.
  • You should consult your doctor about using the Sensa weight loss program in conjunction with another diet plan.
  • The makers of the product claim that you will not be required to make any changes to your diet or exercise routine. However, it has been observed that the best results can be achieved only if you make healthy food choices and if you exercise regularly along with using Sensa tastants regularly.
  • If you want to retain the weight loss results, you will have to continue with the program. However, Sensa is not meant for long-term use. After completing the first six months, take a break of one or two months. You can then start back with the tastant blends for the first month and continue in the same order.

Plan B

Plan B belongs to the class of emergency contraceptive drugs. It is a birth control method used to prevent pregnancy in the case of unprotected sexual intercourse. Plan B is popularly known as the “Morning after pill.” The FDA approved its use in 1999, but many women have reported a host of side effects after using this oral contraceptive.

How does Plan B Contraceptive pill work?

Plan B is an emergency contraceptive, so it works in different ways depending upon the point of the menstrual cycle. The average menstrual cycle of a woman is 28 days. It is divided into two phases roughly spanning 14 days each. Ovulation occurs halfway through the menstrual cycle. Therefore, a woman whose menstrual cycle is 28 days should ovulate by the 14th day. Ovulation is the point in the menstrual cycle when the ovaries release an egg to be fertilized by a sperm. If you take Plan B before ovulation occurs, the contraceptive helps to prevent or delay ovulation by a few days. If taken after ovulation, it does not allow successful fertilization of the egg. Sometimes, this emergency birth control pill alters the uterine lining (endometrium) and prevents the fertilized egg from implanting on it. You must understand that Plan B is not an abortion pill. Plan B prevents conception and does not cause an abortion or miscarriage. Therefore, if will not help if you are already pregnant and want to get rid of it.

Routes and Dosage information for Plan B

Although it is called the “Morning after pill”, Plan B should be taken as soon as possible. Don’t wait for the next morning after you have had unprotected sex to take it; the sooner taken the better. Unlike most of the modern contraceptive pills, Plan B consists of two doses (two pills). Each pill is made up to 0.75 milligrams of the synthetic hormone progestin levonorgestrel. The first pill must be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex and the second after 12 hours. Taking the second pill before the waiting period of 12 hours will reduce the effectiveness of the contraceptive. To avoid Plan B side effects, take the pills on a full stomach.

Another thing women should bear in mind is Plan B will not prevent pregnancy if you have unprotected sex after taking the pill. The pill is effective only when you take it after having sex. Plan B is actually an over-the-counter medication. Women above 17 years of age can procure the medication from a pharmacy without a prescription. Thus, when purchasing Plan B you will be asked to show age proof. Girls below 17 years of age wishing to use the medication will have to provide a doctor’s prescription.

Plan B Side Effects

Overall, Plan B is safe for most women. In most cases, it does not cause any serious complications. Many women do not experience any side effects of using Plan B. Nevertheless, it’s good to know the possible Plan B side effects and interactions that may occur.

  • A common plan B side effect is nausea and vomiting. However, the nauseous feeling experienced is much less than other emergency contraceptive pills especially those that contain the hormones estrogen and progestin. Vomiting within one hour of taking the pill is an indication that the dose has not been absorbed properly. You may require an additional dose, so contact your health care provider.
  • The second major side effect of using Plan B is changes to the menstrual cycle. You may get your period earlier or later than expected. The flow may also be lighter or heavier than usual.
  • One may also experience light spotting in the days after taking the pill. The spotting should stop by the time of your next period.
  • You may suffer headaches. In the same category are migraines. Migraines however are a less common side effect of Plan B.
  • Cramping in the stomach or lower abdomen is also common.
  • There may be slight dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Feeling tired and fatigued
  • Some women complain of breast tenderness.
  • Rare Plan B side effects are diarrhea, itching and the development of rashes.
  • Regular use of Plan B may cause pregnancy complications in the future such as ectopic pregnancies. Ectopic pregnancy is a condition wherein the fertilized egg does not implant itself in the uterine wall but at some other location which is usually the Fallopian tubes.

These are temporary Plan B side effects and they usually subside within 24 hours. If the symptoms (latter half of the list) continue for more than 48 hours or get worse, you should see your health care professional.

If after taking Plan B you develop a skin rash, swelling on the face or other parts of your body, start wheezing or have difficulty breathing, develop hives or have trouble swallowing, you should get medical help right away. These are symptoms of an allergic reaction to Plan B which if untreated could be life threatening.

Precautions when taking Plan B

  • The contraceptive Plan B is not recommended for women who suffer abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Also do not take the medication if you are pregnant or suspect pregnancy.
  • There have been cases of an allergic reaction resulting in severe Plan B side effects. Therefore, it is advised that you inform your doctor or the pharmacist if you are allergic or sensitive to any of the ingredients used in this emergency contraceptive pill.
  • If you miss your period, wait for one week after your due date and get a pregnancy test done. You can take a home pregnancy test. However, to be on the safe side (particularly if you don’t want to get pregnant), take a blood test. It is more accurate.
  • Avoid having intercourse after taking Plan B till you get your next period or use contraceptives like condoms when if you do so.

Emergency contraceptives are for use in emergency situations only. Avoid regular and long term use as it may have damaging impacts on your menstrual cycle and fertility in the future.

Effexor

Effexor is one of the most commonly prescribed antidepressants on the market today. The drug was first manufactured and introduced by Wyeth Pharmaceuticals in 1993, and it is now being marketed by Pfizer. Effexor is the brand name while Venlafaxine is the generic name. This medication is a licensed treatment for clinical depression and mental/mood disorders associated with depression. It is considered safe for use by the FDA; however, you should investigate the mild and serious Effexor side effects before you start an Effexor regimen.

What are the uses of Effexor?

The primary use of Effexor is to treat depression. It is also used to treat anxiety disorders (general anxiety disorder and social phobia) and prevent panic attacks. Effexor is better known as a serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). It balances the proportion of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Thus, it keeps the nerves calm and relaxed. Another less common use of Effexor is as a treatment for nerve pain.

Routes and Dosage Information

The medication should be used as per the instructions mentioned in package. The pharmacist may also provide a Patient Information Leaflet for personal reference. The dose will vary based on the condition you suffer. The medicine should be taken with food. Not only this, the medication should be taken regularly for the best effects.

It may take some time before the medication produces desirable results. But, if after taking the medication for the specified period you do not observe any changes or your condition worsens you should inform your doctor about the same.

You should not stop the medication abruptly and without the consultation of your doctor. You may experience side effects. Also do not take the medication for a prolonged period of time.

The medication should be taken whole. Avoid splitting the tablet unless the doctor has asked you to do so. Also, do not chew, crush or dissolve the medication. Doing so will release the entire drug dose at once putting you at a higher risk of Effexor side effects. In case of a capsule, you should swallow it whole. If you have trouble taking the capsule, split the capsule and mix the contents with the food.

Common Side Effects

The manufacturers of the drug have provided information on the common Effexor side effects. They include nausea, diarrhea, changes in appetite, heartburn, abdominal pain, gas, vomiting, constipation, drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, flushing and headaches.

Weight loss, sleep trouble, trembling, fatigue, weakness, tingling/burning or prickly sensation, unreasoned nervousness, chills, increased sweating and strange dreams are also common side effects.

The other unwanted response to this medication is sexual dysfunction. Patients have reported decrease in sex drive, trouble-achieving orgasms (anorgasmia), difficulty with sexual arousal and lowered response to sexual stimuli. Women may experience changes to the menstrual cycle.

Most of the common Effexor side effects can be managed and they subside over time. However, you should contact your doctor if the side effects get worse or if they become bothersome.

Serious Side effects

The anti-depressant Effexor has also been associated with serious, life threatening side effects. Like most anti-depressants, use of Effexor increases suicidal tendencies. Therefore, it should be used sparingly. This is generally observed in individuals below the age of 25. Speak to your doctor about it

Effexor taken by pregnant women caused serious birth defects in babies. Not only this, use of Effexor is large doses increased the risk of miscarriage.

Effexor might cause blurred vision. It may bring about dizziness or lightheadedness when changing positions. Some users have also reported hearing slight ringing or buzzing sounds in the ears. Other Effexor side effects that may occur are increased urge to urinate, decrease in the amount of urine, urine incontinence, convulsions, irregular heartbeats, skin discoloration (development of red and purple patches on the skin), inflammation (peeling, reddening or blistering) of the skin and the mucous membranes. There may also be slight swelling in the hands and feet, twitching of the muscles, involuntary facial movements and postures.

A major Effexor side effect arising due to the prolonged use of this medication is liver damage; Signs of liver damage are yellowing of the skin, clay colored stools, darkened urine, abdominal pain, vomiting and nausea.

Effexor use may also culminate in the serotonin syndrome as it increases the amount of serotonin in the body. The syndrome is characterized by fever, diarrhea, trembling, shaking, sweating, muscle twitching, shivering, restlessness, diarrhea, lack of coordination and confusion. In severe cases, it may also cause changes to one’s behavior. The person gets aggressive and behaves recklessly.

Allergic Reactions

Many users may develop an allergic reaction to the drug. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include shortness of breath, swelling of the face and throat and hives.

Serious Effexor side effects are rare in occurrence. However, if you do experience any of the side effects mentioned above, get medical help immediately. Your doctor will decrease the dose or ask you to stop the medication.

Precautions

  • Effexor is approved for use in older teens, but it should not be prescribed to children. It is necessary to monitor the weight, height, appetite, and mood of teens using this anti-depressant.
  • Prior to using this medication, be sure to inform your doctor about the medical conditions you suffer from and the current medications you use. Medical conditions that could interact negatively with this medication are high blood pressure, kidney disease, liver disease, cardiovascular problems, blood disorders, thyroid problems, cholesterol and glaucoma.
  • Also be sure to inform your doctor of allergies if you have any.
  • Use of Effexor may cause lack of coordination, confusion, reduced alertness or drowsiness. Therefore, it is advised that you abstain from driving or operating heavy machinery immediately after taking this medication.
  • You should not use the medication and drink alcoholic beverages simultaneously. It may result in adverse reactions.
  • A pregnant and breastfeeding woman should use this medication only if necessary and if there is no substitute. Otherwise, try as much to avoid it. It hampers the growth and development of the fetus or newborn baby and can cause serious and untreatable defects.
  • Older adults especially those on diuretics display a greater risk of side effects.

Overdose of Effexor

Effexor is a prescription drug. It is to be used strictly as per the dosage instructions. Keep the medication out of the reach of children and pets. In case of an accidental overdose, contact the poison control center or seek medical help right away. Seizures, irregular heartbeats, severe drowsiness and difficulty breathing are the main symptoms of an Effexor overdose. Contact a doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.

Melatonin

Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone found in the blood. The primary function of this hormone is to control the sleep-wake cycle. Melatonin is also produced synthetically as a sleep aid. It is generally used in cases where the patient is having a hard time falling asleep at night. It is also prescribed for people who suffer mood disorders. However, this sleep aid has some side effects. Here’s what you need to know about Melatonin and its side effects.

Melatonin: The Uses

The functioning of our body is related to the day and night cycle. It is referred to as the Circadian Cycle. As soon as it starts getting dark, the pineal gland in the brain releases melatonin. The increased levels of melatonin in the blood then prepare your body to sleep. Many-a-times it so happens that certain factors bring about an imbalance in melatonin production accounting for the sleeplessness. Melatonin supplements regulate the levels of melatonin in the blood and readjust the disturbed sleep-wake cycle.

The two most common uses of Melatonin supplements are to overcome jetlags (sleeplessness caused due to changes in the time-zones) and sleep issues arising due to constant changes in work schedules in people whose jobs require them to work in shifts. Melatonin helps to correct the alterations to the body’s circadian cycle.

Like already mentioned above, Melatonin production starts as soon as the body senses the darkness around. However, in blind people the body is unable to receive such circadian rhythms or cues. Therefore, the sleeping aid melatonin is used to setup a similar day-night cycle in blind persons.

Melatonin supplements are recommended for persons suffering from Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome and Insomnia. It reduces the time it takes for people to fall asleep. It is also used to treat sleeplessness induced by disorders such as Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), autism, mental retardation and cerebral palsy or medications such as high blood pressure medications (beta-blockers).

Many use melatonin to cope with the withdrawal symptoms of quitting smoking or the sleeplessness caused due to the discontinuance of benzodiazepine drugs.

Forms of Melatonin Supplements

Melatonin supplements are available in different forms. It can be administered orally as tablets or capsules. It can be obtained in the liquid form as well. Melatonin supplements can also be administered sublingually. Sublingual administration involves placing the drug under the tongue or holding it in the cheek so that it is directly absorbed into the bloodstream via the tissues under the tongue. Another option is Melatonin Trans-dermal patches. The patch delivers the dose directly into the bloodstream through the skin.

To add, the availability and use of melatonin vary in different countries. Yet in some countries across the globe it can be purchased as an over-the-counter drug while in some it is listed as a prescription drug and cannot be availed without a prescription.

Melatonin: Directions of Use

Melatonin should always be taken in the prescribed dosage to avoid serious melatonin side effects. The doctor prescribes melatonin based on the intended use of the medication. Melatonin as a sleeping aid is meant for short term use only. Use of the drug should not exceed 2 months at a stretch.

Melatonin should be taken a few hours before bedtime. The best method to use melatonin is according to the package or doctor’s instructions. If melatonin is taken during the day time, it will send wrong signals to the body and thereby disturb the body’s internal clock. You should not crush or chew an extended release tablet. Extended-release medications are designed to release the dose slowly. Chewing and crushing the tablet increases the risk of Melatonin side effects.

Melatonin supplements in the liquid form should be measured with a proper measuring cup and not any random spoon. It could result in an overdose.

Melatonin Side Effects

Melatonin side effects are not very common with short term use and, the side effects that do manifest are usually not very severe. One of the common after effects of Melatonin is daytime grogginess. Other unwanted side effects include light headaches, dizziness, irritability, and mild anxiety. In some cases, though rare, users of this drug have complained of abdominal discomfort and nausea.

It may also affect blood supply in the body and hence is not recommended for persons suffering orthostatic intolerance. Orthostatic intolerance is a cardiovascular condition wherein the supply of blood to the brain and the blood pressure is reduced when a person stands up.

The serious Melatonin side effects include confusion, changes in mood, short term feelings of depression, rash, itching, swelling of the face, throat and tongue and difficulty breathing. These are not very common side effects. However, if they manifest you should contact your doctor immediately.

One should consult a doctor before using melatonin particularly when one is already using medications. Melatonin is known to interact with other medications. It interacts with birth control pills, diabetes medications, immunosuppressant, sedatives and anti-coagulants.

Precautions

One needs to be careful when using Melatonin. Misuse could result in severe Melatonin side effects. Inappropriate use of melatonin is known to aggravate the problem of insomnia. Not only this, it could also cause severe depression.

  • Choose synthetic melatonin supplements (those made in laboratories) over those derived from the animal pineal tissue. The latter may contain contaminants and may spread viral material.
  • Avoid driving, operating heavy machinery or engaging in activities that require you to be alert and active for at least 5-6 hours after taking melatonin.
  • The safety of melatonin in pregnant and breastfeeding women has not yet been established. Therefore, pregnant and breastfeeding women should not use this medication.
  • Melatonin is not safe for use in children unless prescribed by a doctor for children suffering developmental disorders such as Cerebral palsy, Autism and mental retardation. This drug impairs medication in children.

If you suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, depression and seizures consult your doctor before you start using Melatonin. You should take melatonin only after ruling out the right cause of sleeplessness. Increasing the melatonin dose may mask symptoms of a more serious underlying disease.

Xanax

Xanax is a popular anti-anxiety medication. Xanax is actually the trade name while, Alprazolam is the generic name. It belongs to the benzodiazepine family of medications. This article briefs users on the application, uses, and side effects of Xanax.

Xanax: The Applications

Anxiety and panic disorders mainly arise due to an imbalance in the brain chemicals. The imbalance of chemical messengers in the brain excites the nerves of the entire central nervous system resulting in panic attacks and sometimes seizures.

There are two types of chemical messengers or neurotransmitters in the brain – excitatory and inhibitory. Gamma Amminobutyric Acid or GABA is an excitatory neurotransmitter. It balances the excitation in the brain. Alprazolam or Xanax simulates the GABA receptors in the brain and thus calms and relaxes the excited nerves.

Xanax is used to treat panic disorders. It is also used to relieve the symptoms of anxiety disorders such as Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). It is also effective in treating depression related anxiety. There is another less commonly known use for Xanax; when used in combination with some other medications it helps ease nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy.

Instructions of Use

Xanax is a prescription drug only. It is made in different forms – the regular release tablets, extended release tablets, quick dissolve tablets and liquid. Tablets, whether regular or extended release versions, should not be chewed or crushed. Doing so may result in serious Xanax side effects. Also, when using Xanax quick dissolve tablets make sure that your hands are dry. They dissolve immediately after coming in contact with water. Remove the tablet from the blister pack and place it on your tongue quickly.

This anti-anxiety medication should be taken only as prescribed. Xanax may be taken anywhere between 1-4 times a day. To determine the right dose for an individual, the doctor usually starts out with a lower dose and increases it gradually.

Take the doses as per the dosing schedule. In case you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if the time is too close to the next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose. Do not take a double dose at the next time. It will cause an overdose. Do not stop the use of this medication without your doctor’s permission. The sudden discontinuance of the medication may cause withdrawal symptoms. The doctor will reduce the dose gradually. If during this period, you experience withdrawal symptoms you should report the same to your doctor immediately.

Xanax is habit forming. Therefore, it is essential that you avoid prolonged use of the medication. Extended use could also cause severe Xanax side effects. The doctor will conduct regular medical tests to check the effectiveness of the drug and the Xanax side effects if any. Store the medication in a cool dry place away from light and moisture. Keep it out of the reach of children and pets.

Xanax Side Effects

The benefits of Xanax outweigh the side effects. Xanax also rarely causes any serious side effects. Nevertheless, you should be informed about the possible Xanax side effects you may suffer when using the medication.

The two most common side effects of Xanax are dizziness and lightheadedness. It may cause you to lose balance. Therefore, be careful when changing positions- from sitting to standing or sleeping to sitting or standing. Other less serious side effects are increased salivation, changes in appetite, nausea, constipation, headache, irritability, inability to focus and concentrate and changes to sex drive.

Among the severe Xanax side effects are moodiness, hallucinations, poor coordination, increased suicidal tendencies, slurred speech, trouble with walking, yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes and memory problems. These Xanax side effects are rare. However, you should get immediate medical help if any of these symptoms develop.

The symptoms of a serious allergic reaction to a drug are hives, rash, itching, swelling on the face/tongue or throat, difficulty in breathing and severe dizziness. See your doctor right away if you suspect an allergic reaction to the drug.

The anti-anxiety medication Xanax interacts with other drugs. These include antihistamines, antidepressants, pain killers, muscle relaxers, sedatives, birth control pills, diabetes medication and some herbal formulations. Taking Xanax in conjunction with the above mentioned medications places one at a greater risk of developing side effects. Check with the doctor or pharmacist for the right dose or an alternative medicine.

If you have used Xanax for a prolonged period of time you may experience withdrawal symptoms. These withdrawal symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, decreased appetite, weight loss, blurred vision, light and sound sensitivity, trembling and shaking and seizures.

Precautionary Measures

  • Individuals with a history of depression, lung disease, kidney disease, liver disease or glaucoma should consult the doctor before they take Xanax.
  • You should not share this medication with another person who displays the same symptoms as you. It will have adverse effects.
  • You should inform the doctor or the pharmacist if you suffer allergies, particularly if you are allergic to Alprazolam or other medications of the benzodiazepine family.
  • You should also inform your doctor about your lifestyle habits – alcohol consumption, smoking habits and the use of recreational drugs.
  • Dizziness and drowsiness are common aftereffects of this drug. Hence it is advised that you do not drive or operate any machinery after taking the drug.
  • The chances of the Xanax side effects are higher in senior persons. People over 65 years of age should speak to their doctor about the right dosage.
  • Xanax causes potential damage to the unborn fetus and is not recommended during pregnancy. The drug also passes to the infant via breast milk. It may have damaging effects on the nursing infant and therefore should not be used by nursing mothers.

Xanax Overdose

Xanax overdose can be fatal. In case of an overdose, contact a poison control center or the emergency room immediately. The symptoms of an overdose are difficulty in breathing, severe drowsiness, slowed reflexes, reduced reflexes and unconsciousness.

Biotin

Vitamins have an important role to play in a balanced diet. They boost immune system which defends your body against different diseases and infections. Biotin is one such vitamin. Actually, biotin is the water-soluble vitamin B commonly called vitamin H. It is one of the co-enzymes which help during metabolism of leucine, carbohydrates and fatty acids. Most significantly, it plays a crucial role for gluconeogenesis. It also helps in the vital acid cycle related to aerobic respiration and supports the carbon dioxide transfer during different biochemical processes.
This water-soluble vitamin, also called vitamin B7 is necessary for processes related to enzymes. The Greek word, bios, is the origin of the word biotin. Life is the basic meaning of the original word bios. The best sources of this vitamin are oats, dry fruit, cucumber, eggs, onions, cauliflower, cow and goat milk, strawberries, raspberries, brewer’s yeast and royal jelly. The recommended biotin need of human body is not very huge. Commonly, biotin is taken to prevent or treat numerous different conditions except during pregnancy. For malnutrition and sometimes rapid weight loss, biotin supplemental doses are prescribed. Biotin can also be recommended in the form biotin supplements when its deficiency may occur due to prolonged tube feeding.

Dosage Information

For children it is between 5g and 12g and for adults it is between 20g and 30g. However, the deficiency of this vitamin can occur which can be overcome with the help of biotin supplements though it is important to understand and know the benefits and side-effects.

Biotin benefits

Biotin helps in up keeping health and promoting growth. It is the carbon dioxide carrier during tricarboxylic acid cycle. It also proves helpful in converting proteins, fats and carbohydrates into energy which leads to a better metabolism. It keeps hair healthy and lustrous. With enough biotin dosage, cradle cap and brittle nails can also be avoided. Biotin has proved effective for people having diabetes, depression and high cholesterol as it can help to convert carbohydrates into energy and normalize blood sugar level.

Biotin performs a positive role to avoid hair loss. Generally, nutritionists agree about biotin being an important vitamin helping hair growth. Physicians also advise to supplement treatments like Propecia and Minoxidil with biotin. Biotin deficiency may lead to hair becoming unhealthy and frail and breaking resulting in hair loss. It keeps nails and skin healthy and supports the growth of new hair.

Biotin deficiency

Biotin deficiency can be considered among the rarest nutritional disorders. The reason for such deficiency is lack of biotin in the body, either because of some health-related condition or insufficient dietary intake. When the specific enzymes fail to extract biotin from normal diet, biotin deficiency occurs. Some studies have indicated that higher egg white consumption binds the important biotin with proteins which leads to such deficiency. Antibiotics intake or a prolonged intravenous feeding may also cause this deficiency. The symptoms of biotin deficiency include dermatitis, acne, psoriasis, eczema, seborrhea, low metabolism, appetite loss, chronic fatigue, dandruff, hair loss, hair color loss, depression, insomnia, hallucinations, drowsiness, muscle pain etc.

Biotin side-effects

There are very few biotin side-effects known to medical science so far. A common factor responsible for the side-effects is prolonged or excess dosages. There is almost no evidence proving that in normal dose of biotin leads to side-effects. One of the studies carried out on pregnant rats showed chances of miscarriages as a result of very high biotin doses. The reason was placenta size decreased with such high doses though it is not applicable for women.

Excess biotin doses have side-effects which are normally not observed very often. Its overdoses sometimes lead to the occurrence of increased skin rashes and infections. Biotin also has shown reverse effects on insulin levels and blood sugar. It reduces the insulin levels in human body whereas increasing the levels of blood sugar. Sick people or pregnant women must keep in mind this biotin side-effect.

Eosinophilic pleuropericardial effusion, one of life-threatening conditions, can be caused with high dosages of biotin in combination with vitamin B5. The example of this case was once documented and the condition was treated successfully as soon as the patient avoided taking both vitamin B5 and biotin together. The condition was avoided successfully. Whether the combination of biotin and vitamin B5 caused all this, or either of these two alone or some other reaction, it could not be found out what actually was the reason for the deadly condition.

Both in children and adults, the suggested dietary need for this vitamin is very little which means the chances of its deficiency are very little if not impossible. Very rarely, the deficiency of biotin can be observed and this is where biotin supplements come into play. Usually, for pregnant ladies having a feeble intake of calories and nutrients and in cases of malnutrition, a biotin supplement is prescribed. Tube feeding for a longer period of time is one more example where biotin is prescribed. It is prescribed all so for brittleness of nails and hair, skin infections, and loss of hair color etc. This deficiency also appears in the form of dermatitis, acne, muscle pain, poor appetite, seborrhea etc.

An amazing fact about biotin intake in overdoses or side-effects is that you can easily avoid these and get rid of them quickly. Once you start taking biotin carefully and in suitable quantities, its side-effects will disappear very quickly. Biotin produces very little or almost no side effects when it is taken in a suitable and controlled manner. It is suggested to always get the advice of your dietician or physician before you start using biotin supplements. Your doctor can prescribe correct dosages to make sure you do not suffer any complications due to biotin deficiency.
They are very few examples which prove any side-effects of this useful vitamin, however, to be on the safe side, it is safer to consult your doctor. This is to determine whether any biotin deficiency exists or may exist in future.