Oxycodone is derived from a chemical called Codeine. The chemical structure is similar in nature to that of hydrocodone. The drug was first synthesized in 1916 at the University of Frankfurt, Germany. The drug has equivalent effects of morphine and heroin with fewer complications. It will not have an immediate effect as is achieved through morphine or heroine. An extended release oxycodone is available in the US as of May, 2013 and it is approved by FDA. The new version is difficult to abuse as the release mechanism has changed in a significant way.

Uses of Oxycodone

Oxycodone is prescribed to patients so that they will get relief from pain. The drug falls under the opiate analgesics category. The brain as well as the nervous system’s reaction to pain will be altered with the intake of this tablet. Oxycodone is commonly used in combination with other medications. The doctor will give you the right kind of prescription. It should not be abused by using without the doctor’s approval.

The addiction to Oxycodone will lead to long term health complications. Hence, it should be used very cautiously. There are extended release tablets which are used to treat patients who suffer from continuous pain. If the pain is intermittent, extended release tablets should not be used. When you were prescribed to take extended release tablets, they should be swallowed but should not be chewed. Dividing, crushing and dissolving of the tablet before consumption should be avoided.

Oxycodone directions of use

Oxycodone can be used in various ways including oral, intravenous and intramuscular injections. It can be taken through rectally as well. The Oral form of the drug is available in most of the countries. The extended release tablets are taken for every 12 hours. The drug is available in various forms including liquid, tablet, capsule and extended release tablet. The capsule can be taken for every 4 to 6 hours. Before using the drug, you should go through the instructions in a careful manner. You can get assistance from the pharmacist if you cannot understand some or all of the instructions mentioned on top of the label. It is very much important to follow the drug prescription as directed by the doctor.

Patients who take the Oxycodone solution should measure the quantity very carefully. Measuring dropper can be used to measure the dosage exactly. If your body gets used to the medicine, the doctor might increase the dosage as per your needs. It is very important to share your feelings with the doctor when you are on the medication. The drug has the risk to form a habit. Hence, it should not be taken frequently or in excess dosages.

Oxycodone side effects

There will be side effects with the consumption of Oxycodone if the dosage is not followed or if the drug is not consumed in the right way. For example, when you are advised to swallow the tablet, you should not chew the tablet. If the medicine is dissolved at a time, you will get all the medicine that is required to be distributed over a period of time. This is very dangerous and it will lead to serious side effects and the risk of death is very high.

As long as you use the drug as per the doctor’s guidelines, you will enjoy the benefits and the pain can be overcome. It is very much required to know about the complications and side effects of the drug so that you will not take the same without the doctor’s prescription.

Serious side effects

Serious side effects are witnessed in patients who take a higher dosage of Oxycodone. Patients who cannot tolerate opiates will get shortness of breath, Miosis, hypertension and death. If a patient is addicted to Oxycodone, it should be withdrawn in a systematic way. There will be withdrawal symptoms. If the drug is taken on a continuous basis for a long a period of time, it should not be discontinued in an abrupt manner. The withdrawal symptoms will be very high in people who will go for the drug without getting a prescription from the doctor. If the mothers had taken Oxycodone during pregnancy, the withdrawal symptoms will also appear in the newborn baby.

Common Oxycodone side effects

Some of the common side effects of Oxycodone will include fatigue, dizziness, nausea, constipation and itching. Some people will also experience loss of appetite, stomach pain, hiccups, diarrhea and urine retention.

After getting addicted to the usage of the drug, it should be stopped in a gradual manner. The withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, depression, diarrhea, increased heartbeat, insomnia, runny nose, restlessness, cramps, nausea and vomiting. The doctor will decrease the dosage in a gradual manner.

Precautions to take when using

Oxycodone 60 mg and 160 mg tablets should be taken by patients who are tolerant to narcotics. These medicines are administered as medication to bring back the narcotic addicts into normal health stream. If you are allergic to Oxycodone, the same should be shared with the doctor. In fact, Codeine is also used in most of the pain relievers and cough medications. Hence, if you are allergic to such kinds of medications, the information should be shared with your doctor.

The other medications that you are using should be shared with the doctor. Other vitamins, food supplements, health supplements, pain relievers and various kinds of enhancement products that you are using at the moment or had used in the past should be shared with the doctor so that you will not take risks with your health.

Oxycodone should not be taken by people suffering with asthma or lung related issues. Oxycodone may cause dizziness and lightheadedness. Hence, while getting up from the bed, you should rest your feet firmly on the ground for a while.

In case of overdose of Oxycodone

Oxycodone overdose can happenly very easily, so make sure you are taking the correct dosage in the correct way. There is a severe risk to life in the case of oxycodone overdose. If you have taken excess dosage, it is paramount that you contact emergency medical personnel immeidiately, and remember to always consult your doctor before starting any medication.

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