Losartan which is also sold under the brand name, Cozaar, is a common blood pressure medication. Losartan is an FDA approved drug. The drug will reduce the blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessels. The drug is also widely administered in patients suffering with kidney disease in which proteins will appear through urine. This condition is prevalent in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes. The dosage should be followed strictly and the previous medical condition should be verified by the doctor before prescribing Losartan. Losartan will influence the body in various ways. Various systems will be affected including the nervous system, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, renal, psychiatric, metabolic, dermatologist and hypersensitivity side effects will be witnessed in patients. This article will discuss about the benefits of Losartan as well as its side effects.

Uses of Losartan

Losartan belongs to the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) class of drugs. It is most commonly used to reduce high blood pressure. The drug is used to treat various medical conditions such as hypertension, reduce the risk to stroke, type 2 diabetes and hypertensive treatment along-with kidney disease.

The high blood pressure condition will be treated with Losartan without harming the kidney functionality (if the patient is suffering with diabetes). The drug is used to treat the enlarged heart condition as well. By being able to lower the blood pressure, it is possible to prevent heart attacks, strokes and kidney related issues.

The tablets should be stored in cool and dry place. They should not be subjected to high temperatures or dampness. They should not be within the reach of children. If you forget to take the tablet at any point of time, you should take it as soon as you remember about it. However, when you reach the time where you should take the next pill, you should not take two pills. It will lead to excess dosage and you may want to suffer from various complications.

If there are any leftover pills, they should be disposed in a safe way. You can discuss the same with your pharmacist so that you will be able to dispose them properly.

Losartan directions of use

For adults, the dosage will start from 25 to 50 mg per day. The maximum dose that can be given on a single day is 100 mg. The dosage can be divided into two so that it can be taken in the morning and evening. The drug can be taken with or without food. For kids below 6 years old, the starting dosage will be 0.7 mg/kg and the maximum dosage in a single day will be 50 mg.

The drug is available in tablet form. It is available in 25 mg, 50 mg and 100mg. The drug should not be taken without prescription. The dosage will be customized as per the needs of the individuals. When you are using prescribed drugs, you should go through the advice of the doctor without fail. It is required to go through regular medical and physical examination so that the internal condition of the body and external behavior of the person can be assessed. The doctor may increase or decrease the dosage as per your requirement. Losartan should be used as a therapy. While it is true that side effects are present in Losartan, the effects will be low when you go through the guidelines and take necessary precautions.

Losartan side effects

There are some common as well as serious side effects. Patients who are using Losartan should be aware of the side effects so that they will go for medical attention immediately if things go wrong. While common side effects are not of much concern, if you suffer from serious side effects, immediate medical attention is required. You should stop the intake of medicine immediately if there are prominent side effects.

Serious side effects

If the dosage is not taken as per the prescription, serious side effects might be witnessed. If your body is allergic to Losartan, the intake of drug should be taken very carefully. Swelling in the mouth, lips and tongue are serious side effects which should be addressed immediately. Swelling on the skin, itching and skin rash should be addressed immediately. The serious side effects should be attended immediately and hospitalization is required.

The pain or burning sensation while urinating should be taken seriously. Shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, wheezing, increased thirst and chest pain should be attended.

Common Losartan side effects

The most common Losartan side effects include cold, flu, sneezing, sore throat and fever. Some people will suffer with dry cough. Headache, dizziness, tiredness and insomnia are quite common. Most of these symptoms are quite common with any kind of medication. The symptoms will subside as your body gets adjusted to the drug. You are not required to worry about these common signs. Muscle cramps, fatigue and diarrhea are some of the common symptoms.

Precautions to take when using

As soon as pregnancy is detected, Losartan should be stopped. It should not be used during the pregnancy period. There is risk with ARBs. They might kill the fetus. Similarly, mothers who are on breastfeeding should not take these pills as the health of the child will be impacted.

Before taking the pills, you should share your health information to the doctor. If you had suffered with diarrhea or vomiting in the recent past, it should be conveyed to the doctor. The allergic nature to Losartan or any other medication should be informed to the doctor. If you are on other kinds of medications, the same should be revealed to the doctor so that your health will not be affected. The exact picture of your health condition should be witnessed by the doctor so that you will get maximum benefit from the drug and minimum complications.

In case of overdose of Losartan

If you exceed the recommended dosage of Losartan, you should get medical attention immediately. You should contact the emergency medical help even if there are no symptoms.

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