Levothyroxine is an FDA approved drug. It is the synthetic form of hormone thyroxin. As a matter of fact, the body will actually produce thyroxin naturally from the follicular cells of the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland deficiency can be treated by using thyroxin. The hormone was synthesized for the first time in 1927. Some of the common brand names are Letrox, Levaxin, L-thyroxin, Thyrax and Eltroxin. This drug falls under the therapeutic class.

Uses of Levothyroxine

Hypothyroidism can be treated with Levothyroxine. The medicine is used to control the levels of TSH so that they will be brought to normal levels. If TSH levels are suppressed for a long term below the normal levels, it will lead to cardiac side effects. If TSH levels are low, it will lead to osteoporosis. The medicine can also be used to treat cretinism, myxedema coma and goiter.

The thyroid gland plays an important role in the health of an individual. The gland may excrete high or low levels of thyroxin. In such cases, the levels are balanced through the artificial ingestion. It is very much required to take the most appropriate dose as recommended by the doctor. The drug should be taken on a daily basis without fail. It should not be taken without prescription. The individual should consult the physician and the previous medical history should be shared with the doctor completely.

Levothyroxine directions of use

The dosage prescribed by the doctor should be followed at any cost. Doctor will prescribe the dosage as per the age of the patient and the current medical condition. The weight of the patient, health complications and diet taken by the patient will influence the dosage. It is required to monitor the health condition of the patient. Periodic blood tests will be conducted to check the rise or fall of various parameters.

The dosage should not be exceeded. If it is exceeded beyond a certain limit, it will lead to various complications. The effect of over dosage will last for about 6 hours to 11 days. In order to make the most of the medication, the instructions given by the doctor should be followed. It should be kept out of reach of children. The drug should be stored in a cool dry place. The drug should not be discontinued without the consultation of the doctor. At least a minimum dosage will be given so that the health will not be affected. It is required to consult a specialist doctor who is well versed with various kinds of thyroid complications.

The drug should be purchased from the right source. The formula should be as prescribed by the doctor. If there are any variations, the same should be discussed with the doctor. Before undertaking heavy activities, it is required to consult the doctor. The drug is available in tablet form. They are available in 25 mcg, 50 mcg, 88 mcg, 100 mcg and many more up to 300 mcg.

Levothyroxine side effects

Levothyroxine is well tolerated by most of the people. However, if it is abused by taking excess dosage or in an inappropriate way, side effects may appear. It is required to follow all the instructions that are given by your doctor. If a patient has an allergic reaction to Levothyroxine, the medicine should not be used. The same should be informed to the doctor.

The existing medical condition should be shared with the doctor. If you are on any medication, the drugs used and the past history should be shared with the doctor. The allergic reaction to certain kinds of medicines should be shared with the doctor. When all the information and disease history is properly assessed by the doctor, you will get the correct the dosage from the doctor.

Serious side effects

Serious side effects will appear if the dosage is exceeded. Some of the serious side effects that are associated with Levothyroxine include irregular heartbeat, fever, sweating, diarrhea, changes in weight, vomiting and changes in menstrual periods. It is very much important to understand about the dosage and side effects that may appear if excess dose is exceeded.

If a patient is having an allergic reaction to Levothyroxine, there will be swelling of lips, mouth or throat. Some patients might suffer from cardiovascular effects, endocrine problems, nervous system effects, dermatology problems and musculoskeletal effects. If an over dosage is taken it will give risk to life. Heart failure, coma, fever and adrenal insufficiency are some of the risks associated with acute overdose.

Common Levothyroxine side effects

Most common side effects that are associated with Levothyroxine include mild hair loss, chest pain, reduced urine output, difficulty to breath, difficulty to swallow, fainting and fatigue. Some other symptoms include increased pulse rate, irritability, fever, nausea, tremors, sweating, dizziness and seizures.

Precautions to take when using

Levothyroxine should not be administered to children. It should not be used for treating obesity. People using Levothyroxine should go for regular blood tests so that it is possible to notice whether long-term effects are present in the body. Pregnant ladies and lactating mothers should stay away from Levothyroxine as it might affect the health of the child. Some patients might suffer from infertility with the intake of medicine. The drug should not be used for treating obesity.

If there are any preexisting conditions such as medication for another disease, you should inform your doctor. Levothyroxine dosage should be followed and it should be used as directed by the doctor. If there is any ambiguity, the same should be discussed with the doctor. If there is any improvement, the dosage will be reduced in a gradual manner. This is done after verifying the health condition and through the reports of blood tests.

In case of overdose of Levothyroxine

Levothyroxine overdosing will lead to loss of consciousness, weak pulse, confusion, disorientation, loss of coordination, confusion, clammy skin and slurred speech. The patient might be frightened in some cases. If you or your loved member has taken excess dosage of Levothyroxine, it is recommended that you contact medical personnel immediately.

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