Atenolol is a prescription medication that is approved by the FDA. It is also commonly known as Tenormin. The drug belongs to a group of chemicals called beta blockers. It is one of the drugs that are widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases. It was first introduced in 1976. The drug is commonly used as a replacement prescription for propranolol.
Uses of Atenolol
Atenolol is used to treat hypertension. The workload on the heart will decrease and the heart will slow down with the intake of the drug. Fortunately, the drug will not go through the blood and brain barrier so that severe side effects that are associated with the nervous systems are avoided. The other medical conditions for which the drug is used include ventricular tachycardia, angina and acute myocardial infarction. It is also used to treat the symptoms at the time of alcohol withdrawal. Atenolol can be used to treat Grave’s disease. If you are suffering from bronchial asthma, the drug should not be consumed.
Atenolol directions of use
Atenolol is available in tablet form. They are available in 25 mg, 50 mg and 100 mg strengths. The intravenous application is also available. The intravenous application should be done experienced professionals. In the beginning, the dosage will be 25 mg. It can be taken once in a day or twice a day as per the doctor’s advice.
Before taking the medicine, you should go through the instructions that are printed on the label. If you cannot understand the instructions, you can take the help of a pharmacist. If the medicine is not working or if it is showing undesirable effects, it should be discussed with the doctor. The medicine should not be shared with others. The drug might not be suitable for others’ health conditions. It should be kept away from the reach of children.
The use of the drug will be influenced by the current as well as the past health condition. The existing disease history should be studied by the doctor. The patient should give a clear picture about his health condition. The medications that are used in the past and the kind of allergic reactions he or she is having should be shared with the doctor. The sensitivity to various kinds of medications will also make a difference in the usage of the drug. If you are allergic to one or medicines, the information should be shared with the doctor.
Atenolol side effects
As long as you use Atenolol as per the directions mentioned on the label, there will not be any side effects. However, you should notify your doctor immediately if there are any serious complications. When you are using Atenolol to improve your health conditions, you should be aware of the side effects that are associated with the drug.
If you had taken medication for a specific illness, the drugs that you are using should be shared with the doctor. Doctor should get the whole picture about your health so that you will remain without any complications.
Serious side effects
If there is swelling in the mouth, throat, tongue or lips, it should be brought to the notice of the healthcare professional immediately. Some of the serious side effects that are witnessed with the abuse of Atenolol include irregular heartbeats, lightheadedness, fainting, shortness of breath, swelling in the ankle region, depression, nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite and jaundice. Difficulty hearing, difficulty speaking and unsteady walking are some of the more serious side effects.
Some of the less serious effects include lack of sex drive, difficulty to have an orgasm, sleep related issues, fatigue and nervousness. The patient might be in agitated mode when the excess dosage takes place.
Common Atenolol side effects
Atenolol may retard the growth of the fetus. Hence, it is not recommended for pregnant ladies. However, it can be used when it is absolutely necessary to depend on the medicine. Some of the common side effects that are associated with the intake of Atenolol include dry mouth, indigestion, constipation, impotence, cold extremities, depression, confusion, insomnia, fatigue and edema.
Even though the doctor will suggest for a short period of time, the drug should not be continued without the advice of the doctor. When you begin your journey with Atenolol, the effect on the body should be explained. Certain brands will work in a better way. There will be slight changes in the chemical formula. Hence, by providing the accurate information to the doctor, you will get the best medication and you will be able to save your life.
Precautions to take when using
If you are pregnant, the condition should be informed to your doctor so that you will not be put on Atenolol. The drug has the prospects to harm the baby inside the womb. Even pregnant ladies should not go for Atenolol as the effect will go through the breast milk and it will affect the newborn baby. The drug should be preserved in a cool and dry place. Excess dose should not be taken as it will lead to various kinds of health complications.
People suffering with peculiar diseases like cancer and AIDS should go through special precautionary measures. The doctor should assess the overall health condition of the patient and the exact dosage should be suggested. Diabetics and patients suffering from high blood pressure and hypertension should go through special precautionary measures so that they will not suffer from further complications.
Atenolol is used to increase your quality of life and the life span can be extended by taking the right drug and in the right quantities. If you have any queries about the drug, you can request for more information from the manufacturer.
In case of overdose of Atenolol
Overdose of Atenolol will lead to serious health complications. Severe shock, hypertension and bronchospastic reactions are some of the severe side effects. Immediate medical attention is required. You should inform emergency medical personnel immediately if you think you or someone else has overdosed ib Atenolol.